Boomerang! (1947) Elia Kazan


A Priest is shot and killed one evening on the streets of Stamford, Connecticut. Based on a true story in   Reader’s Digest, written by Richard Oursler, director Elia Kazan, in this 1947 film focuses on the investigation and accusation of an innocent man, a homeless ex-serviceman trying to get his life together, who is accused of this infamous murder. Filmed mainly in Stamford with mostly non-professional actors except for the leading roles, produced by Louis de Rochemont, and released by 20th Century Fox, the film has a semi-documentary style similar to the previously released “House on 92nd Street” and the then forthcoming “The Street with No Name”, both released by Fox.

The film’s opening statement informs the audience that this is a true story filmed in the actual locations. As with most films even when claiming the story you are about to see is true the facts are at least somewhat distorted. The actual crime took place Bridgeport, Connecticut not Stamford where most of the film was made. Additionally, the real life crime took place more than two decades earlier, in 1924, than it is recorded here. The move to Stamford was due to the reluctance of the town of Bridgeport to allow 20th Century Fox to film in their streets, subsequently Stamford was used as a substitute.

Boomerang_R1_00407_ff   The murder of Father Lambert is quick and sudden right as the film begins. We are barely two minutes into the film proper when a gun is put to the back of the pastor’s head and the trigger is pulled. Even today, it is a shocking beginning.  “Witnesses” seem to be everywhere though the camera only shows the murder suspect from the back wearing a dark overcoat and a light hat which in late 1940’s America was just about every man in the street.

Flashbacks, with the assistance of a narrator reveal how beloved the minister was by all. We see him interact with his flock in several situations including, as we will soon discover, one individual who will become the alleged suspect, John Waldron (Arthur Kennedy). We also see a conversation the pastor has with another individual who he demands seeks help for his mental condition. If he refuses, the pastor will make the call himself. The man is plainly upset at what the pastor is attempting to do and as we shall realize provides a hint, and a motive, at whom the real murderer could be.

As the days pass by without an arrest, the police are criticized by the local newspaper for not making any progress in the case stating city hall is running around like chickens without a head.  Finally, eighteen days after the crime, the suspect John Waldron is apprehended in Ohio, where he went searching for a job, and is brought back to Connecticut. A harsh police interrogation coerces a confession out of Waldron. Early on, during the interrogation, Waldron had asked for a lawyer and Police Chief Harold Robinson (Lee J Cobb) tells him there is plenty of time for a lawyer later on. So much for civil rights. The evidence against Waldon seems solid. He is picked out of a lineup by local citizens who witnessed the shooting. The gun that fired the bullet was found in his possession and of course, he confessed, signing with the assistance of the police department’s interrogation techniques.Boomerang_1

State’s Attorney Henry Harvey (Dana Andrews) is presenting the case. The local warring politicians want Waldron convicted, whether he is guilty or not does not seem to be an issue. Harvey’s cronies are encouraging him to run for Governor, only he has to win this case. While the evidence at first seems solid against Waldron as Harvey begins to review and test the evidence he finds it is not as sound as originally presented. The “witnesses” are as not as perfect as first thought. When the case goes to court, Harvey goes against the political heavyweights demanding conviction, as his doubts about the guilt of the accused mounts.

    In  Boomerang!  corrupt politicians are purely out for there own gains or protection. The townspeople want justice i.e. revenge for the death of their beloved minister even if the wrong man is convicted. The police department is squeezed in the middle being pressured by both the politicians and the public for “justice.”  For Kazan, this was the first time he touched on the subject of corruption, a topic he would revisit in more detail in later films. Here, he seems to be somewhat restrained maybe still believing that most political officials were honest and decent folks with no personal agendas. Kazan was still in the early stages of his film career and “Boomerang!”  was pretty much a job for hire.  What Boomerang! did do for Kazan was introduce him to the benefits and realism of shooting on location, freeing him of the studio bound restrictions of his first two films. Location shooting would be something he would pursue in his best works, films like “On the Waterfront”, “Panic in the Streets” “Viva Zapata”, “Wild River” and others. Kazan does credit Boomerang!” for setting the tone of his development and style as a filmmaker. In Jeff Young’s interview book “The Master Director Discusses His Films”, Kazan states, In “Boomerang!” I think, is the basis for “Panic in the Streets” and in “Panic in the Streets” is the basis for “On the Waterfront.” If you see these three films together, you’ll see the development.”

The acting highlight is the young Arthur Kennedy as the ex-veteran  John Waldron who previously worked with Kazan in the Broadway production of Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman” in the role of Biff Loman. Of course, part of that same cast in that brilliant work was Lee J. Cobb who played Willy Loman. Cobb would lose out to Fredric March in the 1951 film version of  “Death of a Salesman”, but would get the chance some 15 years later to put his mark on film in a 1966 TV production for which he won an Emmy. Cobb owns the role of Willy Loman like Brando owns “A Streetcar Named Desire.”

200px-Boomerang%21  Kazan was comfortable with Cobb and Kennedy, actors from the same theater background as himself, as opposed to Hollywood trained actors like Dana Andrews and Jane Wyatt. This is reflected on screen with Andrews particularly coming off as if his is “acting.” He seems a bit stiff and unnatural as opposed to Cobb and Kennedy’s organic performances. This clash in performing styles is made obvious in scenes where the opposing actors appear together. Sam Levene is the local newspaper reporter who writes hard-hitting articles attacking the police amateur style investigation of the crime. Also, look for another Kazan favorite, an early unbilled appearance by Karl Malden as one of the detectives.  Finally, playwright Arthur Miller, has a small role as one of the suspects in the lineup.

As the film ends the narrator announces that the character of States Attorney Henry Harvey was based on that of Homer Cummings who would go on the become Attorney General of the United States under President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

“Boomerang!” is not first class Kazan, here he was still learning his craft. That said, the film is his first that deals with the social issues that would consume most of his future work, issues that would be explored in more detail in films like “Gentlemen’s Agreement”,  “On the Waterfront”, “Wild River” and “A Face in the Crowd.” “Boomerang!”  remains a solid if not spectacular piece of work.


14 comments on “Boomerang! (1947) Elia Kazan

  1. Dave says:

    I think that your final paragraph sums it up nicely. It’s clearly not on the level of some of his masterpieces, but I still think that it’s a solid docu-noir that is worth seeing. I like that even he acknowledges that it would be worthwhile to watch just to see his own progression as a filmmaker.

    Kazan is a director that I have an interesting journey with. I’ve mentioned this on various blogs before, but ON THE WATERFRONT was the first “classic” film that hooked me. I couldn’t get over how incredible Brando was. Then I though, why not try other Kazan movies? But I actually didn’t care for his other distinguished film, A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE, although I don’t know how much of that is on Kazan versus the actual source material. EAST OF EDEN is a movie that I liked when I watched and that has only grown in stature in my own mind the more that I think about the experience.

    The other frustrating thing about Kazan is that he has acknowledge outstanding films that haven’t had DVD releases in the States and can sometimes be more difficult to see. AMERICA, AMERICA, WILD RIVER, A TREE GROWS IN BROOKLYN, VIVA ZAPATA!. He’s just an all around fascinating man and a guy who still seems unnecessarily despised in Hollywood. MovieMan summed it up perfectly at WitD — there’s something seriously wrong when Roman Polanski (whose films I love) is cheered and defended to the hilt, while Kazan is booed and hissed at when receiving a lifetime achievement award.

    Great stuff, it now has me in a Kazan mood! 🙂


    • John Greco says:

      Arguably, you could say that On the Waterfront is Kazan’s best film, though I am sure there are folks who would argue for some of his other works, for me it is his most complete work. Wild River and A Tree Grows in Brooklyn show up on the FOX Movie Channel now and then, if you have access. If not, I can get you a copy of Wild River if you send me your address through the e-mail at the bottom of my home page. America, America and Viva Zapata are MIA’s. Have yet to see the first and Viva Zapata I have not seen in years but I do remember liking it a lot.

      I agree about the Polanski situation versus how unforgiving some are about Kazan’s political discretion. While I do not condone what either has done, I think it is a clear case of hypocrisy at work. Thanks Dave


  2. Raquelle says:

    Superb review! I must watch this movie immediately.


  3. R.D. Finch says:

    “[A] solid if not spectacular piece of work.” Once again, John, you succinctly hit the mark in summing up a movie. When I saw it a few months ago, I thought it was good but not as good as I had expected, given its pedigree as one of Kazan’s earliest “social issues” pictures. I found your comments about Andrews’ acting most interesting. He’s usually pretty relaxed and naturalistic, yet he does seem a bit forced here. Kennedy, as always, was brilliant. One performance I wasn’t prepared for was the very young Cara Williams as Kennedy’s waitress girlfriend. Her bold insolence on the witness stand was a highlight of the movie for me.


    • John Greco says:


      Yes Cara Williams was good. I tried to work her into my review but I had to delete the sentence I wrote on her short piece. I could note get it flow right. I have had this film on my pile to watch for a long time and finally got around to it, inspired by the current retrospective. Thanks R.D.!!!


  4. Sam Juliano says:

    Unfortunately I couldn’t get over to the Film Forum on Tuesday to see this, but of course I have seen it before, albeit not on the big screen. I have always favored SPLENDOR IN THE GRASS as Kazan’s masterpiece, but there are times when EAST OF EDEN,STREETCAR, WATERFRONT, WILD RIVER and TREE GROWS IN BROOKLYN have entered the competition. WATERFRONT is rightly his most famous film, and several scenes including the one in the back of the cab are part of the cinematic folklore so to speak. (I will absolutely be heading over to the Forum to see WILD RIVER and BROOKLYN, and if I can I’ll try and manage one or two others.) Kazan is too often dismissed by the purists (and those who never forgave him for you-know-what) but his body of work exhibits quite a bit of diversity. I neglected to mention A FACE IN THE CROWD, (another top-rank Kazan) and the badly dated GENTLEMAN’S AGREEMENT, both of which you mention here.
    Once again you have informed your subject with expertise and the usual historical perspective, which always enriches your story and analytical discussion.
    At the end of the day I will have to agree with your dead-on estimation here. It’s not great, but it’s solid and it’s a forerunner of the socially-conscious films he later explored (like the two immediately above)
    That’s an interesting “progression” there with BOOMERANG! to PANIC IN THE STREETS to ON THE WATERFRONT. I should watch these in that order and connect the maturity of style. Very simply put what you say here is really what the major benefit of BOOMERANG! was to Kazan:

    “What Boomerang! did do for Kazan was introduce him to the benefits and realism of shooting on location, freeing him of the studio bound restrictions of his first two films.”


    • John Greco says:

      I could never warm up to “Splendor.” Granted, I have not seen the film in years and probably should give it another try. Kazan is one of the greats, he has certainly made enough great films to warrant more respect than he sometimes receives. While you mention that “Gentleman’s Agrrement” has dated badly, and it has,a film like “A Face in the Crowd”, I beleive has grown more important in statue. Like yourself I am tempted to watch those three films in order. Thanks Sam!!!


  5. Sam Juliano says:

    And again I must thank you John for your astonishing generosity with the arrival earlier this week you your latest packet of goodies. You are the best!


  6. Tony D'Ambra says:

    Dana Andrews is a strange actor. Oddly, I find his performance in Boomerang in keeping with the upper-middle class origins of the protagonist, if not on a par with his role in Laura and as a grifter on the skids in Fallen Angel. But he can be stiff and rather wooden as in Where the Sidewalk Ends.


    • John Greco says:

      I like Andrews in “Laura”, “Fallen Angel” and actually thought he was not bad “Where the Sidewalk Ends” too. For me his stiffness fit
      his tight lipped, rage filled character. I was uncomfortable with him in Daisy Kenyon.


  7. […] Boomerang (1947, USA, Kazan) – A priest is murdered on Main Street, and the city goes mad.  Won’t somebody please just arrest someone wearing vaguely similar clothes, and torture him until he confesses, so we can all put this behind us?!  Watched it all. […]


  8. […] Greco has some excellent thoughts on the film that are well worth reading over at Twenty Four Frames, particularly about the different acting styles of the actors (theater vs. Hollywood). Boomerang is […]


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